6 November 2016

After an average life of thirty years at sea, large commercial vessels – bulkers and general cargo ships, container ships, oil and gas tankers, and passenger ships such as cruise ships and ferries – are sold to shipbreaking yards for demolition in order to recover steel and other valuable materials. Every year about 1,000 ocean-going vessels are dismantled, and the vast majority (about 95%) end up in India, Bangladesh, China, Turkey and Pakistan. Sixty to seventy percent of the ships scrapped each year go to Alang, in India, and Chittagong, in Bangladesh where they simply run ashore on tidal beaches where unscrupulous shipbreaking companies exploit minimal enforcement of environmental and safety rules to maximize profits.

Emissions of toxic substances contained in the bilge and ballast waters of ships and the improper disposal of hazardous wastes and materials contribute to the risk of environmental damage. Environmental damage includes soil contamination, soil erosion, water pollution, contamination of coastal regions and subsequent biodiversity loss such as the destruction of vast areas of mangroves, air pollution, and threats to plant and animal health. Such damage is a serious problem because it can deplete important natural resources, disrupt the stability of larger ecosystems, and threaten human health and the livelihoods of farmers and fishers in surrounding villages

 

 

 

They live hidden in small, dark, tin huts in the slums in the outskirts of Kampala. They protect one another, they share everything: from the mattresses lying on the floor to the little food they can afford. Kicked out by their families and from school, rejected by their friends and fired from their jobs. They live in fear, beaten, robbed, and raped. They are the Transgender community of Kampala, a community made up of young, very young people, often minors, forced to prostitute themselves because, in one of the most homophobic countries in the world, there are no chances for them: no present, no future.

Marginalized even from the gay community that has been attacked for years by President Museveni, laughed at in the streets, forced to hide their real identity, pretending they are not what they really are. Ekifiire, being Trans in Kampala” is a journey into the transgender community of Kampala, a journey that wants to try and explain this harsh reality through the stories and the dreams of youngsters forced to hide themselves and their identity. It is this identity that these photographs want to investigate.

Forced to look “normal” when outside of their homes, to be accepted in their society and avoid the risk of being lynched, it is only inside their small apartments that Alicia, Noel, Clara, and the others, can really be themselves.